The roundness and shoulder height of the arms varies by school. Generally used to refer to retiré passé, indicating passing the foot of the working leg past the knee of the supporting leg (on, below, or above) from back to front or front to back. A working foot should be straight to the side and mildly winged to the front or back. A leap in which one leg appears to be thrown in the direction of the movement (en avant, en arrière, or sideways). Usually, manèges will be a repetition of one or two steps, but can also be a combination of several. "port de bras forward," "port de bras back," "circular port de bras/grand port de bras." From standing to bent this should be fluid. (French pronunciation: ​[dɑ̃søz]) A female ballet dancer. From croisé, the upstage leg opens behind on the sissonne as the body changes direction in the air to land ouverte effacé; the back leg which is now downstage slides through in a chassé passé to fourth in front, ending the dancer croisé the corner opposite the original. (French pronunciation: ​[balɑ̃swaʁ]; "swing [children's toy]") Swinging the working leg between front (devant) and back (derrière) through first position, usually in conjunction with grands battements or attitudes and involving seesaw like shifting of the upper body in opposition to the legs. Common abbreviated name for changement de pieds. Circular movement where a leg that starts at the back or the side moves towards the front. In the other, the arms are extended to the sides with the elbows slightly bent. A jump in which the feet change positions in the air. (French pronunciation: ​[dəsy]; literally 'over.') Starting in fifth position croisé, a dancer executes a plié while brushing the downstage leg out to tendu front. holds the arms low and slightly rounded near the hip. The leading foot lands tombé and the trailing foot slides in to meet the leading foot in fifth position demi-plié. A tombé en avant can also be initiated with a small sliding hop instead of a coupé. Most commonly done en dedans, piqué turns en dehors are also referred to as lame ducks. Improve Your Tour Jeté. Other articles where Grand jeté is discussed: jeté: …air before the descent; the grand jeté, a broad, high leap with one leg stretched forward and the other back like a “split” in the air; and the jeté en tournant, or tour jeté (“flung turn”), in which the dancer executes a half-turn in the air away from the forward… A traveling series of jumps where each leg is alternately brought to attitude devant in the air, each foot passing the previous one in alternating. Refers to a foot and leg position when the toes and knees are extended and elongated, rather than forming the usual soft curve. Another name denoting the same move as a chaîné (i.e. Other schools may use a flexed foot without the strike or a non-brushed pointed foot on demi-pointe. This chassé passé is the (pas) failli. (This brand of action can be seen in both tour jetés and walt turns (pas de valse en tournant).) The dancer then does a small jump to meet the first foot. (French pronunciation: ​[tɑ̃ lje]; 'time linked.') Opposite of en dedans. ), grand jeté, and tour jeté (ABT) / grand jeté en tournant (Fr./Cecc.) Indicates: (1) that a movement is to be made in the air; for example, … (French pronunciation: ​[fɛʁme]; 'closed.') A 180-degree or 90-degree fouetté could involve a working leg beginning extended elevated in front; the supporting leg rising onto demi-pointe or pointe quickly executing a "half" turn inside/en dedans, leading to the working leg ending in arabesque and the body now facing the opposite direction or stage direction. The working leg returns out of retiré nearing the end of a single rotation to restart the entire leg motion for successive rotations. If a dancer sickles an en pointe or demi-pointe foot, the ankle could collapse to the outside, resulting in a sprain. (French pronunciation: ​[tuʁz ɑ̃ l ɛːʁ]; literally 'turn in the air.') A full port de bras could move from en bas to en haut ('high', i.e. This is a very popular grand allegro step in ballet and many dancers struggle with it. glissade en tournant↓ grand battement jeté balançoire↓ grand battement jeté passé par terre↓ grand battement jeté piqué↓ grand battement jeté pointé↓ grand battement jeté↓ grand changement de pieds↓ grand fouetté en dedans pozā 1. arabesque↓ grand fouetté en dedans pozā 3. arabesque↓ Double frappé front would be cou-de-pied back, cou-de-pied front, dégagé front. Ballerinas get more lead roles, which are referred to as principal roles as they are generally danced by principal dancers. The arm positions can vary and are generally allongé. Before the first count, one foot extends in a dégagé to second position (balancé de côté) or to the front (balancé en avant) or rear (balancé en arrière). From French jeté en tournant from jeté + en in, + tournant, present participle of tourner. A body position in which the back is arched and legs are crossed in fifth position or the working leg is held retiré. A quick sequence of movements beginning with extension of the first leg while demi-plié, closing the first leg to the second as both transition to relevé (demi-pointe or pointe), extending the second leg to an open position while relevé, and closing the first leg to the second in demi-plié (or optionally with legs straight if performed quickly or as the final step of an enchainement). Making sure to create proper turn out by rotating the inner thighs forward and you go down. (French pronunciation: ​[ɡlisad]; literally 'glide.') From French jeté en tournant from jeté + en in, + tournant, present participle of tourner. Even-numbered entrechats indicate the number of times the legs cross in and out in the air: a regular changement is two (one out, one in), entrechat quatre is two outs, two ins; six is three and three; huit is four and four. A term that refers to the reverse of a winging, indicating a foot where the heel is too far back so the toes are in front of the ankle and heel, breaking the line of the leg at the ankle. How To: Grand Jeté En Tournant . Bending at the waist is otherwise known as cambré. In an entrechat six ('six'), three changes of the feet are made in the air, ultimately changing which foot is in front. (French pronunciation: ​[deɡaʒe]; 'disengaged.') Failli is often used as shorthand for a sissonne (ouverte +pas) failli, indicating a jump from two feet landing on one (sissonne) with the back foot then sliding through to the front (chassé passé), and this is often done in conjunction with an assemblé: (sissonne) failli assemblé. In one, the dancer keeps the fingers of both arms almost touching to form an oval/round shape, either near the hips, at navel level, or raised above the dancer's head. Cabriole may be done devant, derrière and à la seconde in any given position of the body such as croisé, effacé, écarté, and so on. For a right working leg, this is a clockwise circle. These steps are repeated over and over again. [5] This variant of the pas de chat appears in several Petipa ballets (e.g. Cecchetti and RAD's eight include croisé devant, à la quatrième devant, effacé (devant), à la seconde, croisé derrière, écarté, épaulé, and à la quatrième derrière. The front leg brushes straight into the air in a grand battement, as opposed to from développé (or an unfolding motion). Ballerinas will often do piqué manèges in a variation or also in a coda. When initiating a grand-plie one must pull up and resist against going down. A dancer with great technical ability and skill. Italian, or French adage, meaning 'slowly, at ease. For the right leg, this is a counter-clockwise circle. This is equivalent to fifth position (en haut) in other schools. The Dance of the Cygnets from Swan Lake involves sixteen pas de chat performed by four dancers holding hands, arms interlaced. One of the positions of the body or épaulement. Example: with the right foot in front in fifth position, plié, jump, beat the right thigh against the left (back thigh) and continue with a changement moving the right leg to behind the left, landing fifth position left foot front. (French pronunciation: ​[subʁəso]) A sudden spring or small jump from both feet, traveling forward in either first, third, or fifth position and landing on both feet in the same position as they started. This motion is normally done at the barre during warm-up. These positions may be combined to give other positions. Converse of ouvert(e) ('open'). In the French School, this term is used to indicate a position or direction of the body similar to. Other articles where Jeté en tournant is discussed: jeté: …in the air; and the jeté en tournant, or tour jeté (“flung turn”), in which the dancer executes a half-turn in the … A sliding movement as described above, but without the jump aspect. In a pirouette en dehors, the body turns in the direction of the working leg (the leg raised in retiré passé). [4] This term is used in some schools in contrast with relevé (in effect, 'relifted'), which is taken to indicate a rise from plié (bent knees). Failli phrased with arabesque indicates the brushed follow-through of an arabesqued leg from elevated behind to fourth in front as lead-in to a following step. Common abbreviation for battement dégagé, the foot of the working leg sharply brushes through the floor through tendu pointed in the air 45 degrees or lower. It can be done to the front (devant), to the side (à la seconde), or to the back (derrière). Cómo coser las cintas a las zapatillas de puntas de ballet. Fixed barres are typically mounted on mirror-covered walls; portable barres can be relocated as needed. (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃ dədɑ̃]; 'inwards.') Please enable Cookies and reload the page. A term of the Russian School. A rise, from flat to demi-pointe (from the balls to the tips of both feet), usually done multiple times in quick succession where the legs are turned out in a grand pas position. The dancer lifts the leg more than 90 degrees. The dancer may or may not return to the initial position, depending on the choreography. Rotation of the shoulders and head relative to the hips in a pose or a step. A configuration of the legs in which the legs are extended in opposite directions, either to the side (straddle split) or with one leg forward and the other back (front split). Fifth position in the French/RAD schools and. (French pronunciation: ​[dɛʁjɛːʁ]; literally 'behind.') It is most often done forward and usually involves doing full leg splits in mid-air. There are 37 variations of jete. A smooth and continuous bending of the knees outward with the upper body held upright. Lengthening from the center and back of the head and pressing down through the floor through the balls of the feet. (French pronunciation: ​[elve]; 'raised, lifted.') Frappés are commonly done in singles, doubles, or triples. Abbreviation of battement relevé lent. See more. Applied to plié, pointe, and other movements or positions to indicate a smaller or lesser version. An autonomous scene of ballet de cour, divertissement, comédie-ballet, opéra-ballet, even tragédie lyrique, which brings together several dancers in and out of the scenario. On the accent devant (front), the heel of the working foot is placed in front of the leg, while the toes point to the back, allowing the instep (cou-de-pied in French) of the working foot to hug the lower leg. Each foot performs a half turn, with feet held in a tight first position en pointe or demi-pointe. sauté arabesque is an arabesque performed while jumping on the supporting leg. (French pronunciation: ​[su su]; literally 'under-under.') For the left leg, this is a clockwise circle. A dancer is in croisé devant if at a 45 angle to the audience, the downstage leg (closest to the audience) is working to the front and the arms are open in third or fourth with the downstage arm being the one in second. A category of exercises found in a traditional ballet class, e.g. There are several kinds of jetés, including jeté / jeté ordinaire (RAD) / pas jeté (Rus. It is usually preceded by a chassé or a pas couru to give impetus to the jump. (French pronunciation: ​[piʁwɛt]) A non-traveling turn on one leg, of one or more rotations, often starting with one or both legs in plié and rising onto demi-pointe or pointe. (French pronunciation: ​[sote]; literally 'jumped.') One of the typical exercises of a traditional ballet class, done both at barre and in center, featuring slow, controlled movements. Showing lightness of movement in leaps and jumps. (French pronunciation: ​[kɑ̃bʁe]; literally 'arched.') Typically performed in multiples, quickly and in rapid succession so that the working foot appears to be fluttering or vibrating. Making two of a movement, such as in double rond de jambe en l'air. *Note: Heels do not come up off the floor in a second position. Paso compuesto que consiste en un cupé dessous realizado en una vuelta de tres cuartos, y un grand jeté avanzando para completar la vuelta. You can do pirouettes, changements, frappés, plies, and much more with fifth position. second arabesque). at the same time engaging your core,(stomach) by pressing your naval towards your spine. (French pronunciation: ​[pwasɔ̃]; literally 'fish.') A sturdy horizontal bar, approximately waist height, used during ballet warm-up exercises and training. Lengthening from the center and back of the head and pressing down through the floor through the balls of the feet. Recommended Posts. A term used to modify any one-legged position in order to indicate a bent supporting leg (e.g. Fermé may refer to positions (the first, fifth, and third positions of the feet are positions fermées), limbs, directions, or certain exercises or steps. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. This step is often done turning ("en tournant"), where each jump rotates 1/2 turn. From fifth position, a dancer executes a deep demi-plié and then jumps arching the back with straight legs behind, so that the body is curved like a fish jumping out of water. education music May 17, 2018 "Toto, we're not in Kansas anymore." Technical Manual and Dictionary of Classical Ballet, Third Revised Edition, Dover Publications, Inc., 1982, p. 101. Heels come off the ground past demi-plié with the feet ending in a demi-pointe at the bottom of the bend. Dégagé is part of the (initiating) execution of jumps such as jeté, assemblé, brisé, and glissade. The initial appearance of a lead character or characters of a ballet on stage. Examples of croisé: the front leg is the right leg and the dancer is facing the front-left corner of the stage; or the front leg is the left, and the dancer is facing his/her front-right corner. Derrière en ballet. Spotting is employed to help maintain balance. Rising onto the balls (demi-pointe) or toes (pointe) of one or both feet. The working leg can be held behind (derrière), in front (devant), or to the side (à la seconde) of the body. ballet arms. (French pronunciation: ​[baty]; meaning 'beaten') A movement with an extra beating of the feet included, as in jeté battu. Petite battement is when a ballet dancer swiftly moves his/her leg in front then behind their calf. In other schools (French, Russian, textbook Cecchetti), relevé covers both these concepts. the same as temps levé). Term often used during barre exercises to indicate that a step is done to the front, to the side, to the back, and then again to the side (as in the shape of a cross), finishing closed in either first or fifth position. (French pronunciation: ​[tɔ̃be]; literally 'fallen.') A bow, curtsy, or grand gesture of respect to acknowledge the teacher and the pianist after class or the audience and orchestra after a performance. At the end of the rotation, the originally crossed-over foot in front should now be in 5th position behind. A dance that is focused on a single pair of partnering dancers is a pas de deux. If a large group of dancers participate, the terms coda générale or grand coda générale may be used. An assemblé (dessus/over) to the opposite corner would reorient the body back to its original position. (French pronunciation: ​[dɑ̃sœʁ]) A male ballet dancer. This position may be assumed while jumping or in partnering lifts, as in a fish dive. Throughout the movement, the pelvis should be kept neutral, the back straight and aligned with the heels, the legs turned out, and the knees over the feet. When initiated with two feet on the ground (e.g. Circular movement where a leg that starts at the front or the side moves towards the back. This step can also be found in Scottish highland dance. A purpose of the grand plié is to warm up the ankles and stretch the calves. Coupé can only be performed through a closed leg position. (French pronunciation: ​[fʁape]; 'struck.') Double and triple frappés involve tapping the foot (flexed or pointed) at both cou-de-pied devant (or wrapped) and derrière before extending out. A dancer exhibiting ballon will appear to spring effortlessly, float in mid-air, and land softly like a balloon. In classical ballet, a grand jeté is a type of leap in which the dancer throws their working leg forward and extends the supporting leg backward, resulting in a full split mid-air.There are several types of grand jetés, including a tour jeté (or jeté en tournant, … Known as 'spagat' in German or 'the splits' or 'jump splits' in English. Term from the Russian school indicating raising the leg slowly from pointe tendue to 45 degrees or higher off the ground. To execute a brisé en avant, the dancer demi-pliés in fifth position and brushes the back leg (through first position) to the front, then springs into the air and brings the second foot to meet it in the back before switching to the front to land, creating a beating action with the legs. A term from the Russian school. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6101f6c63a3a0d9e (French pronunciation: ​[ʁətiʁe]) A position of the working leg in which the leg is raised turned out and bent at the knee to the side so that the toe is located directly in front of (retiré devant) or behind (retiré derrière) the supporting knee. The Russian school further divides effacé and épaulé into effacé devant, effacé derrière, épaulé devant, and épaulé derrière, and the Russian arm positions on croisé derrière are the converse of Cecchetti/RAD's. Named after the originator of the step. (French pronunciation: ​[sutny ɑ̃ tuʁnɑ̃]; 'sustained.') For example, in a, Turning motion in the direction of the supporting leg. As soon as the bottom of the bend is reached, the bend is reversed and the legs are straightened. In the French and Cecchetti schools, saut de chat refers to what RAD/ABT call a pas de chat. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The Grand Jeté En Tournant Entrelacé (Tour Jeté): An Analysis Through Motion Photography - Volume 10 Issue 1. Brisk, lively motion. (French pronunciation: ​[tɑ̃ l(ə)ve sote]; literally 'time raised jumped.') (French pronunciation: ​[pɑ d(ə) bask]; 'step of the Basques.') (French pronunciation: ​[pɑ]; literally 'step.') A petit assemblé is when a dancer is standing on one foot with the other extended. An exercise for the movement of the arms (and in some schools, the upper body) to different positions. the upstage leg is the working leg; the upstage arm is en haut, and the gaze is directed down the length of the arm in second. From a fondu, a dancer steps with a straight leg onto an en pointe or demi-pointe foot, then brings the working leg to cou-de-pied, so that if the step is repeated, the working leg will execute a petit développé. Otros manuales que te podrían ser útiles. Opening the legs to 180°, front or sideways. E.g. A movement of the leg (when extended) through first or fifth position, to cou-de-pied and then energetically out to a pointe tendue through a petit développé. The knees bending directly above the line of the toes without releasing the heels from the floor. (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɔ̃ d(ə) ʒɑ̃b]; meaning 'leg circle.') (French pronunciation: ​[aʁɔ̃di]; meaning 'rounded') A position of the hand. ), or fifth en bas (Cecc.) (French pronunciation: ​[p(ə)ti so]; 'small jump.') Most often performed by women. The downstage leg does a demi rond de jambe to the opposite corner while the body turns to face that corner. Tipo di salto in cui la gamba viene "gettata" (in francese: jeté) in avanti, di lato, o dietro. The instep is fully arched when leaving the ground and the spring must come from the pointing of the toe and the extension of the leg after the demi-plié. The standing leg can be straight or bent ("fondu"). A bending at the waist in any direction, forward, backward, or to the side. (French pronunciation: ​[fɔ̃dy]; literally 'melted.'). (Italian) A principal female ballet dancer in a ballet company. (French pronunciation: ​[ʁəvɔltad]) A bravura jump in which one lands on the leg from which one pushes off after that leg travels around the other leg lifted to 90 degrees. It can be performed en avant (forward), à la seconde (to the side), en arrière (backward), and en tournant (turning en dedans). In the French School this is called “grand jeté dessus en tournant”; in the Cecchetti method, “grand jeté en tournant en arrière.” Jeté, grand … As you are bending your knees you have to maintain the proper alignment and make sure that the knees are going over the big toe. A particularly large or complex coda may be called a grand coda. The word is of Russian origin c. 1930, with the suffix -mane coming from maniya (mania).[1]. Grande Jete en Tournant. As you are bending your knees you have to maintain the proper alignment and make sure that the knees are going over the big toe. (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃n avɑ̃]; meaning 'forwards') A movement towards the front, as opposed to en arrière, which is conversely a movement towards the back. When done at the barre en demi-pointe to switch sides, only half a turn is done instead of a full turn, and the foot does not extend out into tendu. (Italian pronunciation: [braˈvuːra]) A flashy, showy and elaborate style of dance that involves a lot of elaborate steps and style to similar music. An attribute of many movements, including those in which a dancer is airborne (e.g.. Used in ballet to refer to all jumps, regardless of tempo. El paso por lo general es hecho en una serie o en manège o en diagonal. En dehors turns clockwise (to the right) if the right leg is working and the left leg supporting/standing.) (French pronunciation: ​[dəsu]; literally 'under.') Performing steps while on the tips of the toes, with feet fully extended and wearing pointe shoes, a structurally reinforced type of shoe designed specifically for this purpose. (French pronunciation: ​[ku də pje]; 'neck of the foot.') (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃ fas]; 'facing, in front of.') (French pronunciation: ​[devlɔpe]) Common abbreviation for temps développé. air, en l' [ahn lehr] In the air. 1.Comienza por el estiramiento. Similar to en cloche. The landing is then made on the underneath leg. E.g. The phrase port de bras is used in some schools and parts of the world to indicate a bending forward, backward, or circularly of the body at the waist, generally to be followed by bringing the upper body back to center/upright again, e.g. Cabrioles are divided into two categories: petite, which are executed at 45 degrees, and grande, which are executed at 90 degrees. On demi-pointe, Cecchetti employs the Russian style of non-brushed pointed foot directly out. Rounded, in contrast with allongé ('stretched out', as in arabesque). Similar to Balançoire, which additionally allows seesaw like upper-body shifting in counterpoint to the legs. The general positions are croisé, à la quatrième, effacé, à la seconde, écarté, and épaulé. A quick glissade generally done leading into a following step, such as with glissade jeté or glissade assemblé. Making sure to keep the pelvis in line as you go down and up so that you do not release your seat and stick your chest forward, and at the same time engaging your core,(stomach) by pressing your navel towards your spine. This term relates only to the movement of the body from the waist up. (French pronunciation: ​[bʁa kʁwaze]; literally 'crossed arms') Arm placement in which one arm is extended in second position away from the audience while the other is curved in first position (Cecchetti fourth position en avant or RAD/French third position). Usually during a key solo. (French pronunciation: ​[a la səɡɔ̃d]) (Literally "to second") If a step is done "à la seconde," it is done to the side. The working leg is thrust into the air, the underneath leg follows and beats against the first leg, sending it higher. (e.g. The non-supporting leg is generally held in retiré devant ('front')—when initiated from fourth, this would be a retiré passé—but could also be held in other positions such as seconde. • For example, a basic port de bras exercise could move from fifth en bas ('low') (i.e. (French pronunciation: ​[tɑ̃ l(ə)ve]; literally 'time raised.') (French pronunciation: ​[pɑ d(ə) vals]; 'waltz step.') "MoveTube: Anthony Dowell dances the Prince's solo from Swan Lake Act I", American Ballet Theatre's Online Ballet Dictionary, French Ballet terms pronunciation in video with illustrations, Western stereotype of the male ballet dancer,é, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. (French pronunciation: ​[ɡʁɑ̃ ʒəte]) A long horizontal jump, starting from one leg and landing on the other. The foot of the supporting leg may be flat on the floor, en demi-pointe (ball of the foot), or en pointe (tips of the toes). The feet will have now changed position with the left foot in front in 5th position. A sequence of three steps—fondu, relevé, elevé (down, up, up)—always advancing (like a march), done in three counts to music generally in 34 time, traveling in any direction or while turning (en tournant). Half-circle made by the pointed foot, from fourth front or back through second position to the opposite fourth and returning through first position again to repeat, in effect tracing out the letter "D." Starting front going back is called rond de jambe en dehors while starting back and going front is called rond de jambe en dedans. EN DEDANS - inside, into your center. ', (Italian pronunciation: [alˈleːɡro]; meaning 'happy'). A dance by four dancers. It can be done either in a gallop or by pushing the leading foot along the floor in a. For example, in a rond de jambe en dehors, starting from first position, the foot (either left or right) would first extend tendu front, move to tendu to the side, and then tendu back, and back in again to first position. (French pronunciation: ​[pɑse]; literally 'passed.') The apparent elegance and precision exhibited by a confident, accomplished dancer. Coupé is both a step and action. Barker/Kostrovitskaya: 101 Lessons in Classical Ballet - 1977. Your IP: A dance duet, usually performed by a female and a male dancer. (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɑ̃vɛʁse]) An attitude presented on a turn.[7]. Croisé is used in the third, fourth, and fifth positions of the legs. Because ballet became formalized in France, a significant part of ballet terminology is in the French language. A partnering dance lift, often performed as part of a pas de deux, in which the male dancer supports the female in a poisson position. (French pronunciation: ​[pɑ d(ə) buʁe]; 'step of bourrée.') 'Second position'. A changement with a beating of the legs preceding the foot change. In an échappé sauté, a dancer takes a deep plié followed by a jump in which the legs "escape" into either second (usually when initiating from first position) or fourth position (usually when initiating from fifth position) landing in demi-plié. Legs turned out with feet pointing in opposite directions and heels at least shoulder-width apart. Making sure to keep the pelvis in line as you go down and up so that you do not release your seat and stick your chest forward. (French pronunciation: ​[epolmɑ̃]; 'shouldering.') The working leg may be crossed to the front (devant) or to the back (derrière). For example, a battement tendu derrière is a battement tendu to the rear. Halfway between a step and a leap, taken on the floor (glissé) or with a jump (sauté); it can be done moving toward the front or toward the back. In other genres of dance, such as jazz or modern, it is common to see pirouettes performed with legs parallel (i.e. An allegro step in which the extended legs are beaten in the air. Front side back side ( in the shape of a cross ), Movement of the leg in an inwards rotation direction. At or to the back. Pasos para hacer el grand jeté. FONDU - Sinking down or melting. The foundational principles of body movement and form used in ballet. (French pronunciation: ​[ʁeveʁɑ̃s]; 'reverence, bow.') For example, assemblé, pas de bourrée, and glissade can be designated as over or dessus. This can be done several times in succession. It is commonly executed from cou-de-pied front to cou-de-pied back or vice versa.