He became known as the Bulgar-Slayer (Bulgaroktonos) for his exploits in conquering ancient Bulgaria, sweet revenge for his infamous defeat at Trajan’s Gate.With a tight hold on Byzantine purse strings and a private army of giant Vikings, Basil … mutilation, prisoner of war, Basil II, Bulgaria, Byzantium. . All pictures are assumed to be in the public domain. Basil II reigned for a long time, from 976 to 1025. His story shares … The restoration of the Danubian frontier helped establish a more stable and secure border for the empire in Europe, maintaining a stronger barrier against Hungarian and Pecheneg raiders. Born 957. This goes on to show how influential the Byzantines were in the Balkans. If there is an image appearing on this blog that belongs to you and you do not wish for it appear on this site, please E-mail us identifying the image with a link to said image and it will be promptly removed. : todayilearned 230 THIS BLOG claims no credit for any images posted on this site unless otherwise noted. Byzantine history is full of memorable mo... Michael VIII Gave the Empire One Last, Glorious Moment Michael VIII Palaiologos (Unknown artist, miniature from the manuscript of Pachy... Why Byzantium Prospered with its Capital on the Bosphorus The fishing was easy near Constantinople. Basil II, byname Basil Bulgaroctonus (Greek: Basil, Slayer of the Bulgars), (born 957/958—died Dec. 15, 1025), Byzantine emperor (976–1025), who extended imperial rule in the Balkans (notably Bulgaria), Mesopotamia, Georgia, and Armenia and increased his domestic authority by attacking the powerful landed … Imperial expansion was a crucial context to the mutilation of prisoners of war in the Middle Ages. Prelude to the Downfall of Byzantium The soldiers of the Second Crusade besiege Damascus ca. It is the walls of Constantinople, which humbled the most powerful people in the world for a thousand years. wife of Romanus II and mother of Basil II and Constantine VIII, regent after Romanus died, married Nicephorus Phocas because she couldn't rule alone, incompatible, government left in hands of Basil Lecapenus the eunuch, had affair with John Tzimisces, helped him kill Nicephorus, exiled for role in it. The Battle of Kleidion (or Clidium, after the medieval name of the village of Klyuch, "(the) key"; also known as the Battle of Belasitsa) took place on July 29, 1014, between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire.It was the culmination of the nearly half-century struggle between the Byzantine Emperor Basil II and the … If you aren’t familiar with history, Basil II ruled Byzantium 976 AD – 1025 AD. Perhaps he will follow the example of Basil II "the Bulgar Slayer", blinding 99 men out of 100 and leaving the last one with only one eye to guide them home? Byzantines also used blinding to indimidate their opponents, such as the famous blindings of Bulgarians/Macedonian Slavs by Basil II. How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender, 1 Surrender and Prisoners in Prehistoric and Tribal Societies, 4 Surrender in Medieval Europe—An Indirect Approach*, 5 Surrender and Capitulation in the Middle East in the Age of the Crusades, 6 Basil II the Bulgar-slayer and the Blinding of 15,000 Bulgarians in 1014: Mutilation and Prisoners of War in the Middle Ages, 8 Surrender in the Northeastern Borderlands of Native America, 10 Surrender and the Laws of War in Western Europe, c. 1660–1783, 11 Ritual Performance: Surrender during the American War of Independence, 13 ‘Civilized, Rational Behaviour’? The Middle Ages, Part III The Development of Rules and Regulations: Surrender in Early Modern Times, Part III a Surrender in Intercultural Wars, Part III b Surrender in Early Modern Europe, Part IV A Question of Honour: Surrender in Sea Warfare, Part V The Times of International Law: Surrender in Modern Wars, Part VI Unconditional Surrender? The blinding of Samuel's army and their return to Prilep. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. His paternal ancestry is of uncertain origins, his putative ancestor Basil I, the founder of the dynasty, being variously attributed as Armenian, Slavic, or Greek. Images on this blog are copyright to their respective owners. Basil II Blinds 15,000 Bulgarian Soldiers, The Last Great Byzantine Emperor: Michael VIII, Why Constantinople Became the Second Rome, What Byzantine Cities Were Important Besides Constantinople, The Fourth Crusade Captures Constantinople. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. He was a strong (even autocratic) ruler with an iron will. God will know whose are ... Justinian of Byzantium. 1148 (William of Tyre, Histoire d'Outremer,... Map of Constantinople during the Middle Ages. This chapter concludes that some sort of mass blinding did occur, even if the immense numbers of victims as well as the decisiveness of this Byzantine victory over the Bulgarians can be questioned. This chapter suggests that among medieval polities, it was great empires, including the Byzantines and the Carolingians, that were the more frequent perpetrators of mass cruelties rather than other more supposedly violent groups such as the Vikings. Basil II's reign is one of the most significant in Byzantine history. Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – December 15, 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from January 10, 976 to December 15, 1025. Basil II. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. T/F: The Byzantine emperor Basil II was infamous for blinding over 14,000 Turkish troops before allowing them to return home. He urges Greeks to follow the example of Basil II: "Instead of blinding so many people, Basil should have better killed them instead. He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his supposed ancestor, Basil I the … He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his ancestor Basil I the Macedonian,. This earned Emperor Basil II the nickname of 'the Bulgar Slayer'. Part VII Our Times: Asymmetric Wars—Endless Wars and No Surrender? T/F: As a result of the fourth crusade, the west established a permanent political … There are all sorts of misconceptions about the Byzantine state. The real star of our story is not Emperor Basil II, Symeon, nor Samuel. His later blinding of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of shock. He left the hundredth soldier’s one eye intact, so he could lead the others back to their king. Basil II (Greek: Βασίλειος Β΄, Vasileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. TIL, after invading Bulgaria and capturing 15,000 prisoners, Basil II, blinded 99 of every 100 men, leaving one one-eyed man in each group to lead the rest back to their ruler. Commanders Surrendering in World War I, 1 Surrender and Prisoners in Prehistoric and Tribal Societies, 4 Surrender in Medieval Europe—An Indirect Approach, 5 Surrender and Capitulation in the Middle East in the Age of the Crusades, 6 Basil II the Bulgar-slayer and the Blinding of 15,000 Bulgarians in 1014: Mutilation and Prisoners of War in the Middle Ages, 7 How Fighting Ended in the Aztec Empire and its Surrender to the Europeans, 8 Surrender in the Northeastern Borderlands of Native America. This is done by assesssing whether the blinding of all the soldiers of a captured Bulgarian army by Byzantine emperor Basil II in 1014 was historical fact or a later fiction. The Concept and Practice of Surrender in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, 1792–1815, 14 Robert E. Lee, the Army of Northern Virginia, and Confederate Surrender, 15 Surrender in Britain’s Small Colonial Wars of the Nineteenth Century, 17 By the book? Basil II was one of the greatest Emperors of Byzantium. World War II, Part VI b Germany and Japan in World War II. Why the Eastern Roman Empire lasted for so long is a huge question, and the implications... One of the Most Savage Reprisals in History Emperor Symeon I of Bulgaria (Sofia Cathedral). Basil II ordered that the captured Bulgars be blinded and then put into groups of one hundred men each. He also bears the Bulgar Slayer title after managing to destroy Tzar Samuel’s Kingdom during the Middle Ages and retake control of the Balkans. He was known in his time as Basil the Porphyrogenitus and Basil the Young to distinguish him from his supposed ancestor, Basil I the Macedonian.. … Basil I was Armenian, so if he is Basil II's ancestor then Basil … The V… It provides a full and exhaustive analysis of the Byzantine sources for the era, particularly the history of John Skylitzes, and then offers a … [1] According to some accounts of the story, Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria died from a heart attack upon seeing the returning blind soldiers. How Did the Byzantine Empire Last So Long? You could not be signed in, please check and try again.   How Byzantine Art and Architecture Captivated the Known World 2. This is done by assesssing whether the blinding of all the soldiers of a captured Bulgarian army by Byzantine emperor Basil II … Basil II is also responsible for the blinding 15 000 soldiers that he took the prisoner from Tzar Samuel. Panov. July 29 – Battle of Kleidion: Basil II defeats the Bulgarian army. Everybody who is familiar with... Tough, Hard Warriors Victorious Byzantine archers. Died 1025. Basil routed the Bulgarian army at the Battle of Kleidion and took 15,000 prisoners. Each of these groups was given a single one-eyed man as a guide and sent back to Prilep to see Samuel. R uler of the Byzantine Empire from 976 to 1025, a time when the power of the Muslim caliphate had faded and the Seljuk Turks had not yet made their impact, Basil II brought his realm to its greatest height since the time of Justinian (see entry). 6 Basil II the Bulgar-slayer and the Blinding of 15,000 Bulgarians in 1014: Mutilation and Prisoners of War in the Middle Ages; Introduction; 8 Surrender in the Northeastern Borderlands of Native America; 9 Surrender in the Thirty Years War; 10 Surrender and the Laws of War in Western Europe, c. 1660–1783 Bulgarian Emperor Symeon I (Madrid collection via, Map of the Bulgarian Empire under Symeon at its greatest extent (credit to, Facial reconstruction of Emperor Samuel of Bulgaria based on his remains (courtesy. Context: After the Battle of Kleidionbetween the First Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire, the Byzantines captured 15,000 Bulgarian soldiers, divided them into groups of 100, and blinded 99 people in each group and left the last person with one eye. Basil was the son of Emperor Romanos II and Empress Theophano, whose maternal family was of Laconian Greek origin from the Peloponnesian region of Laconia, possibly from the city of Sparta. 10 Surrender and the Laws of War in Western Europe, 11 Ritual Performance: Surrender during the American War of Independence, 13 ‘Civilized, Rational Behaviour’? The Legendary Struggle Between Basil II and Samuel: Blinding the Medieval Past in the Balkans. , and if you can't find the answer there, please To troubleshoot, please check our Blinding is a type of physical punishment which results in complete or nearly complete loss of vision. 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