Apart from extrapolation and scenarios, many dozens of methods and techniques are used in futures research.[48]. [25] In 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama announced an 18-month withdrawal window for "combat forces". Both buildings collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others. BBC News. Throughout the post-1945 period, the Cold War was expressed through military coalitions, espionage, weapons development, invasions, propaganda, and competitive technological development. Major political developments in the 2000s (decade) for the United States and the Middle East revolved around recent modern terrorism, the War on Terrorism, the Afghanistan War, and the Iraq War. question the term Native American because, they argue, it serves to ease the conscience of "white America" with regard to past injustices done to American Indians by effectively eliminating "Indians" from the present. Contemporary history, in English-language historiography, is a subset of modern history that describes the historical period from approximately 1945 to the present. In 2013, the European Union agreed to a €10 billion economic bailout for Cyprus. Eds. in preference to the older term Indian to distinguish the indigenous peoples of the Americas from the people of India. The third millennium is the third period of one thousand years. [59], The loss of lands are also instrumental to the effect of historical trauma on Native Americans. For the academic journal, see, "Living memory" redirects here. Braveheart-Jordan, M., & DeBruyn, L. (1995). STEM knowledge helps Native youth enter into Western jobs. The most prevalent concerns due to mental health include substance abuse, suicide, depression, anxiety, and violence. [22] Because Oklahoma's official language is English, Cherokee immersion students are hindered when taking state-mandated tests because they have little competence in English. At the end of the 20th century, the world was at a major crossroads. Search contemporary issues and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. BBC News "Plain Sailing on the Northwest Passage", There are many different methods, in conventional and unconventional propulsion systems. [77] The recruitment and retention of Native American students at a university level is a major issue. However, it alters trust relationships. [81], STEM curriculum is often dismissive of Native worldviews. This can contribute to American Indian adolescents exceeding the national average for alcohol and drug related deaths; being 1.4 and 13.3 times higher. In 1996, Shuttle mission STS-75 conducted research in space with the electrodynamic tether generator and other tether configurations. Various "post-Cold War regimes" established were democratic republics, though some were authoritarian/oligarchic republics. It is also an invitation to further research and discussion. Contemporary Issues and Challenges in Human Resource Management 8 This book does not exhaust the vast subject of challenges in contemporary Human Resource Management. "'Global War on Terror' Is Given New Name", Scott Wilson and Al Kamen. Web. [51] The bottom half of the world adult population owned barely 1% of global wealth. [92] Consequently, their age-adjusted alcohol-related mortality rate is 5.3 times greater than the general population. help us understand the different cultures that people have all around the world. As an example, in 2010, beer sales at off-reservation outlets in Whiteclay, Nebraska generated $413,932 that year in federal and sales taxes. The latter stages and aftermath of the Cold War enabled the democratisation of much of Europe, Africa, and Latin America. The European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) was a special purpose vehicle financed by members of the eurozone to combat the European sovereign debt crisis. Unanswered pain from the Wounded Knee Massacre is still felt and has been related to present day substance abuse and violence. However, cancer is prevalent in Native Alaskan women and Native American women as the leading and second leading cause of death, respectively. It incorporates human experiential context with science. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger. The information distribution continued into the early 21st century with mobile interaction and Internet access growing massively in the early 21st century. [103], Native Americans have some of the highest rates of diabetes in the world, specifically Type 2 diabetes. [53] As of 2013 inclusion of offenses by non-native men against native women in the Violence Against Women Act continued to present difficulties over the question of whether defendants who are not tribal members would be treated fairly by tribal courts or afforded constitutional guarantees. [14] At the end of 2008, the war had been unsuccessful in capturing Osama bin Laden and tensions have grown between the United States and Pakistan due to incidents of Taliban fighters crossing the Pakistan border while being pursued by coalition troops. The IHS consists of three branches of service: the federally operated direct care system, independent tribally operated health care services, and urban Indian health care services. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania, after some of its passengers and flight crew attempted to retake control of the plane, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington, D.C. Major terrorist events after the 11 September 2001 Attacks include the Moscow Theatre Siege, the 2003 Istanbul bombings, the Madrid train bombings, the Beslan school hostage crisis, the 2005 London bombings, the October 2005 New Delhi bombings, and the 2008 Mumbai Hotel Siege . The Suicide rate for American Indians and Alaskan Natives is approximately 190% of the rate for the general population. This has also raised questions of Internet privacy and personal privacy globally. [66] A less documented practice includes the use of DDT[67] and kerosene in children's hair upon arrival to the boarding schools. So She May Walk in Balance: Integrating the Impact of Historical Trauma in the Treatment of Native American Indian Women. In the beginning of the 2000s (decade), there was a global rise in prices in commodities and housing, marking an end to the commodities recession of 1980–2000. [30][31][32][33][34] The Arab Spring began in earnest in 2010 with anti-government protests in the Muslim world, but quickly escalated to full-scale military conflicts in countries like Syria, Libya, and Yemen and also gave the opportunity for the emergence of various militant groups including the Islamic State (IS). This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 03:01. [23] Ultimately, the school made a C, or a 2.33 grade point average on the state's A-F report card system. From 1985 to 1996, 1,484 Native American children died in motor vehicle crashes, which is twice the rate for white children. This coalition drove the creation and enactment of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975. Numerous tribes have founded tribal colleges. Emphasis was placed on improving prosecution of crimes involving domestic violence and sexual assault. [95] Among these, all the other tribes in South Dakota have legalized sales, as have many in Nebraska. Prosecution of serious crime, historically endemic on reservations,[43][44] was required by the 1885 Major Crimes Act,[45] 18 U.S.C. The 2020s, or The 20s, decade runs from 1 January 2020, to 31 December 2029. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change", "Global warming opens up Northwest Passage", "The Top 10 Stories You Missed in 2009: A few ways the world changed while you weren't looking", Higgs boson-like particle discovery claimed at LHC, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17858981, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Contemporary_history&oldid=998160483, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The three most affected countries, Greece, Ireland and Portugal, collectively account for six percent of eurozone's gross domestic product (GDP). The Semantic Web (dubbed, "Web 3.0") begins the inclusion of semantic content in web pages, converting the current web dominated by unstructured and semi-structured documents into a "web of data". The BIA founded boarding schools for Native American youth that were modeled after the off-reservation Carlisle Indian Industrial School. In the first half of the 20th century, the world saw a series of great conflagrations, World War I and World War II. [33] Like the 1992 remake of The Last of the Mohicans and Geronimo: An American Legend (1993), Dances with Wolves employed a number of Native American actors, and made an effort to portray Indigenous languages. 345–366). Suicide rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives youth are higher than those for other populations. Is this not the equivalent to black face? [56] Native Americans experience historical trauma through the effects of colonization such as wars and battles with the U.S. military, assimilation, forced removal, and genocide. Dictionary of Media Studies This dictionary provides a basic vocabulary of terms used in the media and entertainment industries, from A&R to zydeco. These casinos have brought an influx of money to the tribes; according to tribal accounting firm Joseph Eve, CPAs, the average net profit of Indian casinos is 38.85%. He has also argued that the use of the word Indian derives not from a confusion with India but from a Spanish expression En Dio, meaning "in God". Commercialization of space is the use of equipment sent into or through outer space to provide goods or services of commercial value, either by a corporation or state. [52] 80% of Native American sexual assault victims report that their attacker was "non-Indian". All Issues - Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood. Add new page. 17–40. [59] For the Klamath tribes, another solution is to constantly remember their history through their counter narrative rather than through the dominant narrative of non-Native oppressors in order to preserve the tribe's formerly oppressed spirit. Historical trauma is described as collective emotional and psychological damage caused by traumatic events in a person's lifetime and across multiple generations according to Dr. Laurelle Myhra, an expert on Native American mental health. The Hackerspace can provide a positive, non-school based STEM learning experience for youth who are marginalized in school. [19] This plan was part of an ambitious goal that in 50 years, 80% or more of the Cherokee people will be fluent in the language. It represented "an unprecedented collaboration between Native and non-Native filmmakers and involves Native advisors and scholars at all levels of the project. In addition to increasing numbers of American Indians entering the fields of community health and medicine, agencies working with Native American communities have sought partnerships, representatives of policy and program boards, and other ways to learn and respect their traditions and to integrate the benefits of Western medicine within their own cultural practices. Science made new advances after 1945: spaceflight, nuclear technology, laser and semiconductor technology were developed alongside molecular biology and genetics, particle physics, and the Standard Model of quantum field theory. There are a lot of issues that affect the quality of life for many people, including women, racial minorities, and those below the poverty line. [46][47] The Justice Department on January 11, 2010, initiated the Indian Country Law Enforcement Initiative which recognizes problems with law enforcement on reservations and assigns top priority to solving existing problems. Countercultures rose and the sexual revolution transformed social relations in western countries between the 1960s and 1980s, epitomised by the Protests of 1968. Contemporary history and issues are those in which people are still emotionally involved. Some academics[who?] American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 18(2). https://www.colorado.edu/cwa/chris-eyre#:~:text=At%20a%20Sundance%20directing%20workshop,and%20featured%20American%20Indian%20actors. [84] Science curriculum does not respect cultural taboos. The four panels depict: The Preservation of Captain Smith by Pocahontas (1825) by Antonio Capellano, The Landing of the Pilgrims (1825) and The Conflict of Daniel Boone and the Indians (1826–27) by Enrico Causici and William Penn’s Treaty with the Indians (1827) by Nicholas Gevelot. The Obama administration has renamed the War on Terror as the "Overseas Contingency Operation". Moreover, the budget constraints of the Indian Health Service allows only basic psychiatric emergency care.[108]. During the late 1990s, both Internet directories and search engines were popular—Yahoo! The term contemporary history has been in use at least since the early 19th century.[2]. Explore Wikis; Community Central; Start a Wiki; Search This wiki This wiki All wikis | Sign In Don't have an account? [85] Some tribal STEM programs are employing community-based science curriculum. [83], Some tribes have used technology to preserve their culture and languages through digital storytelling, computer language platforms, audio recordings, webpages and other forms of media. Most Native American communities have established court systems to adjudicate matters related to local ordinances. For years, Native people on U.S. television were relegated to secondary, subordinate roles relative to the white protagonists as shown in notable works like Cheyenne (1957–1963) and Law of the Plainsman (1959–1963). It should be perceived as an important contribution that covers diverse aspects of this fascinating subject. This is not to say that peoples falling within these realms were all culturally the same. Introduction. [116] With new outreach and enrollment efforts, streamlined enrollment systems, penalties for not having health insurance coverage, the availability of newly created health insurance exchanges, and the expectation under the ACA that everyone will have insurance coverage, enrollment in Medicaid will increase in low-income communities.[117]. [104], There is some recent epidemiological evidence that diabetes in the Native American population may be exacerbated by a high prevalence of suboptimal sleep duration. They propose that the restoration of tribal recognition by the federal government has partly healed their historical trauma. [43] A famous quote by George Santayana has it that "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. [53], Climate change and global warming reflects the notion of the modern climate. [71], In 1965, the Navajo Education Department in cooperation with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), the U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), and a nonprofit (DINE) established the first school with an all-Indian governing board—Rough Rock Community School. [79], Native American students have the lowest high school graduation rates of any minority in the United States. Space trade plans and predictions began in the 1960s. This misclassification was due to a low Native American blood quantum, resulting in an over-reported amount of Native Americans diagnosed with cancer. Other effects may include changes in crop yields, addition of new trade routes,[56] species extinctions,[57] and changes in the range of disease vectors. [2] Many Urban Indians live in cities due to forced relocation by the United States government with legislative pieces such as the Indian Relocation Act of 1956 or due to the need for healthcare services not provided on or near reservations and tribe locations.[3][4][5]. [113] The social work approach to suicide prevention among Native Americans identifies and addresses the individual's immediate clinical needs, community/environmental influences, and societal risk factors. Type 2 diabetes may be manageable through healthy eating, exercising, oral medication, or insulin injections. [73] The passage of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 gave tribes the power to control their funds for welfare and education. 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