An … Their loss was felt not only by their family and friends, but by many others in the region who knew them or their family. After the February 2011 earthquake, Auckland Council and the Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management jointly reissued the resource as a DVD. I got to the school and was impressed that there was a strict emergency plan in place – staff on each gate issuing instructions. I put my feet on the floor and braced my arms as the house was violently shaken, and this time things were different. On Tuesday 22 February, 2011 at 12.51 pm the lives of hundreds of thousands of Cantabrians were changed forever. Bruises, sprains and strains were most common, followed by cuts, dislocations and broken bones. The city also faced a new problem. At this time, the bulk of the debris had been removed. A large aftershock on 13 June 2011 caused considerable damage, especially to sewerage infrastructure. 29, no. And probably everyone in our tiny country will know someone who’s lost someone – already I’ve heard that the owners of a shop near my brother’s have lost their son.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/185/story/. Kuniaki Kawahata was deputy director of Toyama College of Foreign Languages, which had students and staff at King’s Education. In 2016 work is under way on a Canterbury Earthquake Memorial which will be dedicated on 22 February 2017. We helped one colleague search for her cellphone, which she had lost in the panic of diving to get under her desk. A number of high schools had released their students at lunchtime to allow teachers to attend a union meeting. In February 2011, 81 international students and staff from King’s Education were killed in the CTV building. 12-18) and other buildings (vol. The number of student visas for the Canterbury region dropped by 37% – around 3300 individuals – in 2011. It was heavenly. Professor Hattie was the adviser for the New Zealand Qualifications Authority that oversaw school examinations after the devastating Christchurch earthquakes of 2011. A key reason for this is that a double blow often occurs. Christchurch earthquake: Effects and responses A sorting resource covering the effects of and responses to the Christchurch earthquake, New Zealand. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. We are following international best practice standards and have some of the most experienced DVI specialists in the world working with us. Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. In this longitudinal study, we compare the effects of different types of relocation and level of affectedness on the incidence and relapse of mood and anxiety symptom treatments identified by publicly funded care or treatment one year before and one and two years after the ‘2011 Christchurch earthquake’ in New Zealand. Death and injury – Some 15,894 people died, and 6,152 people were injured. 130,927 people were displaced, and 2,562 remain missing.. Nuclear crisis – A 9m high wave flooded the generators of the Fukushima nuclear power plant and destroyed electrical wiring. As I sat on the sofa, my sensitive ears detected those deepest of bass notes that announce another aftershock, but within less than a second the vibrations had undergone a massive crescendo, and the house began roaring around me. [5]. The emergency lighting had failed in the stairwell, so we could barely see the steps in front of us. 756-63, Stories of resilience and innovation in schools and early childhood services: Canterbury earthquakes 2010–2012 (June 2013)*: 19/06/2013, Education Review Office, 2013, Alastair Suren, The Brigade: earthquake 2011: a tribute to the Lyttelton Volunteer Fire Brigade, Lyttelton Volunteer Fire Brigade, Lyttelton, 2012, Hugh Trengrove, ‘Operation earthquake 2011: Christchurch earthquake disaster victim identification’, The Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology, 12/2011, vol. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011 at 12:51 p.m. local time (23:51 UTC, 21 February). ‘Turtle Safe’ is an earthquake safety resource aimed at preschool children which encourages them to act like a turtle during an earthquake – drop to the ground, cover your head and hold on to something if you can. Tell me more... 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Health workers in the city faced ‘substantial difficulties’ in caring for the injured. USAR team member Peter Seager recalls what it was like at the CTV site when the country observed two minutes’ silence exactly a week after the quake: Lunch was timed around the planned 2 minutes silence at 12.51. However, the charred lift shaft remained, along with a quantity of slabs and other rubble. I just packed my things up, came back and the ambulance was waiting for me. The Press inserted a notice for the colleague they had lost: A special friend and loyal member of our team, Loved and sorely missed by her friends and colleagues at The Press. In the short term, however, the need for emergency repairs to heating systems has meant that legislation to prosecute those using polluting older wood burners and open fires has been temporarily relaxed for earthquake damaged homes for the winter of 2011.7 Prepared by Environment Canterbury and Community and Public Health. Some sectors were hit hard, ‘notably retail, accommodation and hospitality’. It was like some giant or maybe King Kong taking hold of the building and shaking it.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/98/story/, The world seemed to pick up the building I was in and throw it around... http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/187/story/, We could hear the almighty rumble as other buildings collapsed, and dust was everywhere. We have 1 event in history, 2 biographies, 8 articles, related to February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. In exceptional cases it has taken years to identify all the victims of mass casualty events. All earthquakes have devastating impacts, some of the effects last longer than others, and other effects may only last minutes. Several buildings caught fire after the earthquake. After more words, the teams were dismissed to return to Latimer Square. Among the many other individuals and groups who offered a range of practical and emotional help were chaplains and churches, embassy and consulate staff, the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, and the New Zealand Red Cross through its Bereaved Families Programme. A portaloo was dropped off in the car park, and we had a delivery of bottled water. In Stories from Dallington (a small suburb beside the Avon River badly affected by liquefaction), Bernice Hall, the practice manager at Gayhurst Medical Centre, describes how they ‘continued to operate under very difficult conditions’ thanks to their ‘team of very dedicated doctors and staff’. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. As a comparison, the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan is estimated to have caused damage equivalent to around 3 to 4 percent of Japan’s annual GDP. The remains of the four ‘unfound’ victims were interred at a special site in Avonhead Park Cemetery in February 2012. The report of the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission contains biographies of those who died as a result of the earthquake in the CTV (vol. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re-building and injured employees. The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch, New Zealand's second-most populous city. 2, pp. As I walked along, I began to hear bagpipes playing Amazing Grace. We can't make it better for the families but we can certainly make it worse for them if we get it wrong. A seriously injured patient would arrive every 5 to 10 minutes. The quake was centred 10km south-east of the city at a depth of 5km. Next of kin based overseas had to rely on second-hand information. Perhaps they felt as Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) squad leader Mike Carter did. The aftershocks placed still more stress on the city’s residents, buildings and infrastructure. You just think of the [Twin] Towers and you think that is going to happen. There were no observable effects of the earthquakes on antidepressant or antipsychotic dispensing. About 6000 Christchurch businesses and 50,000 jobs were displaced after the Christchurch earthquake, with 58 percent of CBD businesses recording … I helped oversee and guide a number of concurrent resuscitations. Our 15 minute walk took us past the Stanmore Road shops, and I tried not to get emotional about all the collapsed buildings and the people desperately digging in the rubble to get to the people buried underneath. Potter, J.S. The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. 1–7, M. Villemure, T.M. They have been remembered individually at private funerals and through floral tributes at significant sites; collectively in artworks such as Peter Majendie’s 185 Empty White Chairs; with two minutes of silence nationwide; and at public memorial and commemorative services. The region’s port and airport had remained operational, and its manufacturing hub had not sustained significant damage, minimising the disruption to ‘industrial production and goods exports and activity’. On 22 February 2011, at 12:51 pm, Christchurch was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. However international experience from events such as the Boxing Day Tsunami and the Victoria bush fires has shown it can be months before all identities are confirmed. The region also lost a number of its distinctive natural features and landmarks. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake (also known as the Darfield earthquake) struck the South Island of New Zealand with a moment magnitude of 7.1 at 4:35 am local time on 4 September, and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Canterbury has also been affected by adverse weather … Business owners trying to get back on their feet were among those who felt that it was too soon for such an event, but thousands turned out for it. Others were injured during aftershocks or while cleaning up their properties. Naval personnel who were in Lyttelton at the time of the quake helped the community in a number of ways, dishing up 1000 meals and providing emergency accommodation on HMNZS Canterbury. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Effects on the strength of the community • Community came together to attempt to rebuild the city and clear up the mess left behind from the earthquake. 33-47). 106–8. After the shaking had stopped we ran through the parking lot to find [Phoebe’s] parents who were working close by to where we were. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. As in September, most of these people were injured during the primary earthquake, for example by tripping or falling. As more personnel arrived, we spread around two sides of the block. I just didn’t like the feeling of the aftershocks. It was lucky it was fine…, Over the weekend, a neighbour very generously gave us the loan of his generator, and the building was checked by an engineer and, once the glass roof was removed from above the main door, it was given the all clear…, The first days were difficult. It also caused damage to more modern buildings – notably the CTV and PGC buildings, the collapse of which resulted in the deaths of 115 and 18 people respectively. Thanks to the efforts of these groups and the New Zealand Police, other disaster victim identification (DVI) specialists and Coronial Services, 181 of the 185 victims were eventually identified. 63, no. Liquefaction – ‘a liquid mush’ of soft sand and silt which had wrecked building foundations, ruptured water and sewer pipes and shattered roads, footpaths and driveways in September – struck the city again. All the children were sitting in the middle of the open air playground area, many crying, all looking very scared. The February quake was powerful enough that while classified as an aftershock of the September quake, it generated its own aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.8 at 1.04 p.m. and a magnitude 5.9 at 2.50 p.m. It wasn’t like riding big waves, or being blown around in a high wind. It was like I imagine the Blitz was like...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, The sound was awful, a loud noise like a huge aeroplane landing...http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, The noise was so intense, like a train coming through the building.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, Within seconds I found myself huddled against the retaining wall in my back garden, listening to the sounds of walls collapsing, breaking glass and the ominous boom, boom, boom as huge boulders came bouncing down the hillsides around me. Once assured of their own safety, most people’s thoughts turned immediately to friends and family – especially children. I have several personal reasons for that, but the cathedral feels different. Other difficulties were the loss of communication systems, the scarcity of care for people before they arrived at the hospital, difficulties in the registration and tracking of patients, frightened patients, and managing the media. In our language we think language has some sort of spiritual power so I yelled my daughter’s name so it might reach my daughter who was 9000 km away. The stairwell had collapsed immediately below the landing at the 14th floor. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. While most people sought out friends and family after they had helped those around them, some stayed where they were for many hours providing assistance. I guess the Right is just desperate for anything to improve the economy under National. Only a minority of the people who were interviewed or took part in focus groups appeared to be ‘experiencing great difficulties with their wellbeing’, including some who reported ‘symptoms of mental health problems’ such as fear, anxiety and hypervigilance. Among many notable moments during the service, compelling footage of damage in the CBD was screened, the crowd spontaneously applauded the USAR teams, and Prince William conveyed words of wisdom from his grandmother, the Queen: ‘grief is the price we pay for love’.[6]. Dislodged boulders, collapsing cliffs, landslides and failing fill and retaining walls damaged properties and infrastructure on and below the Port Hills. 5-37), PGC (vol. A feature on the post-2011 recovery of the Canterbury region will appear on NZHistory in due course. Five people died when cliffs collapsed in Redcliffs, Sumner and Lyttelton. Apart from physical injuries, international literature suggests that psychosocial recovery after a disaster can take five to ten years. Six hours later my dad rocked up to get me.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/. We were also set up with a water tank, which gave us a supply inside the building, bypassing the mains supply. [2]. Culture and Society The most serious injuries were caused by falling masonry or as a result of the collapse of buildings. That the house stood up to it at all was pretty incredible. In his contribution to QuakeStories, Mike recalls taking part in the rescue effort at the CTV site: Our assembly point was Latimer Square – so we had to walk past the CTV site. Each organisation was flooded with 111 calls for help from the CBD and suburbs on top of business as usual – and staff also needed to look to their own families. In the ten minutes after it hit, there were 10 aftershocks of magnitude 4 or more. community recovery from the major Christchurch earthquake in 2011 is expected to take at least another decade (Stevenson, Humphrey, & Brinsdon, 2014). Reception staff had to write all the patient details down as people arrived, find manual forms for things usually done electronically, and the nurses and doctors had to write notes and keep hand-written records for all procedures. I saw my kids – they were looking incredibly traumatised and had been crying a lot. Though smaller than the first quake, and technically part of its aftershock sequence, the February earthquake was more destructive. 75, no. Landscapes, such as forests rivers or cliffs, will get damaged, injuring or killing the wildlife. As the corner of the site came closer, we could hear clapping. My mum has lost her house but is safe, my kids are at home with their mum but are scared their house is badly damaged and need to get out of there, and my house sounds like it has suffered damage…I’m needed at home. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Dust clouds above central Christchurch, 22 February 2011. [1] Martin van Beynen (ed. Water pipes, roads, bridges, power lines, cell phone towers and ordinary phone lines were broken or damaged. He flicked the torch on, and at the same time Paul, who was leading us down the stairs, turned around and told us that we needed to go back up and try to find another way down. Drew was at the Tower Junction shopping centre on Blenheim Rd when the earthquake struck: We had finished school early that day. They clung to me and we sat down at the edge of the playground to wait for my husband, who’d texted me to say he’d meet me there. In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. By mid-morning [Monday 28th], Dr Collins had arranged for a couple of cellphones and had our Medical Centre number diverted to them. There are 10 resuscitation bays and 10 monitored bays in our resuscitation area. Results: Short-term increases in the use of anxiolytics and sedatives/hypnotics were observed after the most devastating February 2011 earthquake, but this effect was not sustained. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? Further liquefaction followed the June and December 2011 aftershocks. It happened at 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011 It happened in Christchurch, New Zealand New Zealand is the in continent of Australasia, just below the tropic of capricorn on the southern hemisphere. The atmosphere was sombre and subdued. One of my best friend’s daughters was hysterical, so I grabbed her too and we had a big group hug for about half an hour, trying to calm down, trying to make light of the bigger aftershocks, which were rumbling through on average every five minutes.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/105/story/. But by this time 59% ‘strongly agreed’ that they were ‘generally happy with their life right now’ and 67% ‘strongly agreed’ that they were ‘coping well with day to day things’. Over 50% of the city's buildings were damaged. 8, 2014, pp. Many were students learning English at King’s Education in the CTV building. Those trained and equipped to handle such emergencies were assisted in the immediate aftermath of the quake not only by volunteers of all descriptions but also by the fortuitous presence of a large number of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) personnel who were in the city to conduct a training exercise. Although immediate outcomes of a disaster are often recorded in terms of mortality and injury or economic costs, the significance of the long term effects … [2] ‘Christchurch quake: search squads focus on rewards, not risks’, New Zealand Herald, 24 February 2011. Sarb Johal, from the Joint Centre Disaster Research Centre at Massey University, presented two linked papers that explored the long-term recovery processes for healthcare providers and the communities they serve in the aftermath of the earthquakes that occurred in 2010/11 in Christchurch – New Zealand’s second most populous city. We are not going to rush this process and risk causing further pain to grieving families by making a mistake. The Chief Coroner determined that another four deaths were directly associated with the earthquake. I know I was at the site for about 7 hours – but it seemed like 10 minutes – and much of the afternoon is lost. This had towered 11 m above the sea but was now a small pile of rubble. I had been expecting to go to that festival and to be coming to that place so many months later and having such a vivid reminder of the way life just stopped so suddenly on that day was quite startling. The memorial has a dual purpose: ‘paying respect to the 185 people who lost their lives’ and acknowledging ‘the shared trauma and huge support received with the recovery operation that followed’. On 14 June 2011 the city experienced a series of strong aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.6 and a 6.3. This article was written by Imelda Bargas and produced by the NZHistory team. Lyn Reid, who was injured in the earthquake and remained trapped in the Press building for more than three hours, feared that it would collapse: With the aftershocks I thought, Here we go. At the time it was still recovering from the effects of a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010. People from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. Three times as many people were injured in the February 2011 earthquake as in September 2010. The cost of repairs and rebuilding following the February 2011 earthquake was estimated at $20 billion, compared to $5 billion following the September 2010 quake. 131. This devastating and catastrophic event would have both immediate and long-lasting effects for thousands of people in New Zealand and around the world. Many thousands of people suffered minor injuries similar to those sustained in the September quake. People lost energy immediately. 4, sn 4, pp. Volunteers helped clear up the silt left behind from liquefaction. The magnitude 5.7 quake came just a few days before the fifth anniversary of the February 2011 earthquake. Many of the city’s most important heritage buildings were damaged or destroyed, including the Provincial Council Chambers, Lyttelton’s Timeball Station, and both the Anglican Christchurch Cathedral and the Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. The portaloo was needed, along with a chemical toilet, for four long months. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Clock stopped after February 2011 earthquake. 178–80. At that stage, little did we know that it was to be with us for the next couple of months. Among these was Shag Rock/Rapanui (the great stern post) at the entrance to the Heathcote and Avon estuary/Te Ihutai at Sumner. We ask for your patience and understanding while our large team continues to work through this difficult and complex job. Everyone was out on the streets and everyone asked the same question of each other – ‘Are you alright?’. Another significant aftershock struck Christchurch on 14 February 2016 causing a section of a cliff at Godley Head to collapse and liquefaction in some areas. A public holiday was declared for the Canterbury region to enable as many people as possible to attend the service. [7] In 2013 the government purchased the CTV and PGC sites and made a commitment to consult the bereaved families as plans for these areas were developed. All the cellphone lines were out of action so it was hard to contact my family. I see pictures of myself at the site in the paper the next day – and I can’t recall what I was doing at that point. Wilson, D. Bristow, M.Gallagher, S. Giovinazzi and C. Brown, ‘Liquefaction ejecta clean-up in Christchurch during the 2010–2011 earthquake sequence’, NZ Society for Earthquake Engineering, 2012 Conference, paper no. Then a large aftershock hit and the entire block of houses leapt and bucked in the air and people were screaming in fear and anger. Those involved in the process explained that they were working as quickly as they could while following international DVI standards. We had no formal information on the extent of damage or expected casualties. Liquefaction happens when underground water in the soil comes to the surfac… 6, pp. Among many notable moments during the service, compelling footage of damage in the CBD was screened, the crowd spontaneously applauded the USAR teams, and Prince William conveyed words of wisdom from his grandmother, the Queen: ‘grief is the price we pay for love’. The air was thick with dust from collapsed buildings and smoke from fires. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. The hospital disaster response plan was in full activation. My friend Phoebe and I were walking back to Phoebe’s parents’ work. [10] Lois E. Daly, Stories from Dallington: a year of quakes in a Christchurch suburb, Achilles Press, Christchurch, 2010, pp. The sight of them, faded, ripped and broken in some places really got to me. A large generator was delivered to us a week after the quake. Severe ground shaking caused older unreinforced brick and masonry buildings, many damaged in September 2010, to collapse in part or completely. What were the short-term effects of the 2011 Japan earthquake? After the incredible noise, silence. Even preschool children were familiar with a drill known as ‘the turtle’. [1], Most emergency services workers who wrote about the quake did not mention the aftershocks. Already subdued by the experience, it was about to take another turn! It seemed like just the shaking itself was physically painful, and the noise was incredible, deafening, like nothing I’ve heard or could compare it to.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/100/story/. The ED itself had been compromised by fallen ceiling tiles, and a damaged backup power supply left us in darkness for significant periods. Disasters In a blog written two days after the quake, Jennifer reflected on the likelihood she would know someone who had died: I’ve heard (either directly or indirectly) from all my close friends and most of my workmates now, so know they’re ok, but I also know the chances are, in a city of only half a million, that all of us will end up knowing someone who is a victim. A burst water pipe had cracked through the surface of the basketball courts and water was seeping everywhere. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Christchurch airport was … Car alarms were going off and that was all you could hear. 2,000 injured. In a way it was really nice, in light of the news this week about the cathedral’s partial demolition, and the unexpected complicated swirl of emotions that brought up in me, to be able to get close to it and take a picture. The bus stopped at three points along the way (the sites of the PGC building, the CTV building and the cathedral) but at the other two I felt like it wasn’t right to take pictures. Some contributors to QuakeStories initially thought this was yet another one: At first I thought that it was just another aftershock, but when the power went out and the room felt like someone had picked it up and was bouncing it around, I realized that I needed to get under my desk, which was unfortunately a very thick wooden one. Some parents had more difficulty reaching their children. An anonymous contributor to QuakeStories describes the feelings of loss they experienced during a tour of the red-zoned CBD a few months after the quake: The first place we came to that affected me was Victoria Square. [9] International research suggests that psychosocial recovery can take up to 10 years and with multiple events in Canterbury most residents went through the stages of recovery (described as heroic, honeymoon, disillusionment and reconstruction) more than once. The aftershocks were particularly dangerous for people who were trapped under debris or in buildings, and for those who were trying to rescue them. [3]. In March 2011, Police Superintendent Sam Hoyle asked for ‘patience and understanding’: We are acutely aware that families want their loved ones returned, particularly our guests from overseas, and our teams are working flat out to achieve this. The New Zealand Police provided bereaved families with a dedicated liaison officer able to answer questions and give support. It was a sad day, and a challenging day but I’m glad I did it.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/. Services workers who wrote about the information on this page that there was lot. Other effects may only last minutes television programmes such as CSI faded, and! Called within the camp itself time of the most serious was the middle of a working day and people... Bottled water to enable as many people were at school or work having! Magnitude 6.3 earthquake and support staff, including the caterers retail, accommodation hospitality. First quake, and a damaged backup power supply left us in for! Least 65 people which will be dedicated on 22 February 2017 improvements were included stairwell, so we barely! On 23 December 2011 hazards that included unsafe and collapsing buildings, many damaged in September, people! 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