Tamil Nadu is a well-developed state in South India known for its Hindu temples. Three districts, Kannur, Kozhikode and Ernakulam will have no one in the majority, but Hindus will constitute the plurality (largest share, but less than 50%). Tamil Nadu adds more than 1 million people to its growing population each year. However, after 1,029 Covid-19 patients were discharged, the number o This will lead to both of them losing population share, while the Muslims gain population share. At the turn of the 20th century, Kerala had 69% Hindus in the state, which was divided into three separate regions. Owing to geographical proximity, we include Kanyakumari of Southern Tamil Nadu in this study, but consider its religious demography separate from the rest of Kerala. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the States of Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.It is the tenth-largest state in India and the seventh most populous state. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities This takes the total number of infections in the State to 8,17,077. The decimation of Hindus in Malabar is clear in this model. As per the 2011 census, there were 44 lakh Christians in Tamil Nadu, which is roughly six percent of the state’s population. As per the Census India 2011, Tamil Nadu has 18524982 households, population of 72147030 of which 36137975 are males and 36009055 are females. The results suggest that as per this model the majority, minority pattern that existed in 2011 will hold in 2061 too, i.e., if Hindus were in majority in a district in 2011 they would continue to be so in 2061. Hindu, Muslim population growth in TN lower than national average, Subscribe to Morning Filter & Evening Wrap newsletter, Rise in Muslim numbers due to politics of religion: Shiv Sena, Financial fraud | Usury travels online, thrives during pandemic, Coronavirus | Pandemic lessons from IIT-Madras, Roosters get ready to duel ahead of Pongal. The Malabar in the north, was in the hands of the British, the small Cochin state in the centre, was under a prince and the Kingdom of Travancore bestrode the southern half like a colossus. From 1961 onwards, when the Christian population peaked, there has been a gradual (at first) and then a sharper rise of the Muslim population in Kerala, and a gradual retreat of both the Hindus and the Christians. Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. As a proportion to the overall State population, Hindus stood at 87.5, Christians at 6.12 and Muslims at 5.86 per cent. Tamil Nadu Colleges reopen in Tamil Nadu, confusion about online attendance Tamil Nadu 19-year old girl kills man who tried to rape her Tamil Nadu … Crossword blog #218 | Cryptic crosswords, so solution-oriented! In signs that welfare polices in Tamil Nadu have had a positive effect, the religion-wise figures of Census 2011 show that decadal growth rate of population in two major communities — Hindu and Muslim — was lower than the national average. Population by Religion in Tamil Nadu Hinduism is most dominant religion in Tamil Nadu with over 88% of the total population is Hindus. Hindus will be a majority in only four of the nine districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha, and Thiruvananthapuram. The town of Kanyakumari, at India’s southernmost tip, is the site of ritual sunrises. Disclaimer: The facts and opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. Jains with 1.1 population and other religious groups forms the remaining population. The Hindu and Christian fertility rates are around 1.5, well below the 2.1 fertility rates needed for a stable population. These models are more realistic than the logistic model as explained above. Despite the low fertility rate in Tamil Nadu, the population has continued to grow. For the sake of convenience, we have amalgamated Cochin-Travancore into one region (called Travancore from now on) and have considered Malabar the other, in this article. He said longer life expectancy, which comes from greater access to healthcare facilities, plays a role in the population stabilising. Table 3 reveals that by 2051, the Hindu population of Kerala will have fallen below the 50% mark in both the constant growth and the polynomial models, which happen to be more accurate than the logistic model in this case. And in the south, the Kingdom of Travancore saw major changes in the rise of Christian population in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. Capital Chennai is known for beaches and landmarks including 1644 colonial Fort St. George. Table 3: The table presents the population of Hindus in 1951 and 2011 and predicts the population of Hindus in 2061 by various techniques. In 2011, population density for Tamil Nadu was 555 people per square kilometer. Together, the Dalits, Nadars, and the fishermen number about 12-13 lakh (65-70% of the total population) and it is this population that has been vulnerable to conversions. Tamil Nadu Population in 2019 – 82,439,997 (8.24 Crore) Tamil Nadu Population in 2021 – 83,739,997 (8.37 Crore) Tamil Nadu Population in 2021 – 85,039,997 (8.50 Crore) The above data is being collected by the government of India in its census report. Kerala and South Tamil Nadu are set to become Hindu minority in the next 50 years. From the above table, it is clear that out of the nine districts in Kerala-South Tamil Nadu, five of them (Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Ernakulam, and Kanyakumari) will be Hindu minority and three more (Palakkad, Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram) will be hovering between 50 and 60% in 2061, according to two of the three models (constant growth and polynomial). The Hindu and Christian populations have nearly stopped growing, as the crude death rate overtakes the crude birth rate and the ageing population is not being replaced fast enough. Consequently, the Hindu and Christian populations predicted by the logistic model are likely to be overestimates. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 was estimated to be 74,319,357 (7.4 Crore). Further, it is important to remark here that Kanyakumari is the only district in this region, where conversions are still causing major demographic shifts. These five districts, together consist of a population of 20 million people. Of the two regions, Malabar was 65.34% Hindu in 1951. According to the data, the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 per cent between 2001 and 2011. To enable wide dissemination of news that is in public interest, we have increased the number of articles that can be read free, and extended free trial periods. The region most affected by the change in population is the Malabar, where the low fertility of Hindus, combined with higher fertility and an already existing higher Muslim population has seen many districts rapidly change their demographic character. In the polynomial model, we fit a second degree polynomial to the population data points and predict the future populations based on this curve. In three of these four districts (Palakkad, Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram), Hindus will be barely above the 50% mark. All the different categories other than Hindus are <1% in all the districts that we have included in our analysis. In all our calculations, we have considered Hindus to comprise of Hindus, Jains, Buddhists and Animists. Total population of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 72,147,030 of which male and female are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively. Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST) Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population. On connecting religious background with fertility, he said development as a whole was a larger factor. Tamil Nadu Population 2019 –86.3712 Million. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. We also reiterate here the promise that our team of reporters, copy editors, fact-checkers, designers, and photographers will deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) population in Tamilnadu – 68%; Total Scheduled tribes (ST) population in Tamilnadu – 1.10%; Total Hindus population in Tamilnadu – 63,188,168; Christians population in Tamilnadu – (4,418,331) 6.5%; Muslims population in Tamilnadu – (4,229,479) 6%; Tamil Jains population in Tamilnadu – (83,359) 0.13% The sex-ratio of Tamil Nadu state is around 996 compared to 943 which is national average of India. Muslims will be the majority in two districts, Kannur and Malappuram, and Christians will have a majority in Kanyakumari. Further, Malabar will gain population much faster, while the Cochin-Travancore are likely to lose population. “The security of child survival is crucial, which is determined by better nutrition and healthcare. Economist Venkatesh Athreya said education among women and poverty alleviation are two important determinants of population growth in the long term. Christians and Muslims … Their number and share in Tamil Nadu is the highest of all major States except the adjoining Kerala. Nor was the Moplah revolt the first Jihad – it was actually the 52nd major ‘civil disturbance,’ since 1830s, as recorded by the British. Chennai is religiously cosmopolitan, with its denizens following various religions, chief among them being Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism.Chennai, along with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. All the statistics are taken from the respective census and . Intensive population campaigns since the 1980s coupled with robust welfare measures have helped Kerala and Tamil Nadu stabilise their population to a great extent relatively,” he said. The population of the Christians will increase in absolute numbers in some places and decrease in other places. In the centre, the small state of Cochin, covering parts of Thrissur and Ernakulam, always had a high Christian population – from 1901 itself, at least. While Christians clocked a growth rate of 16.73 per cent in Tamil Nadu, the national average was 15.52 per cent. Tamil Nadu is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples. Kerala’s population has always shown some very specific patterns. Experts state that the data reiterates the understanding that development, represented by better education, health and other social welfare measures, contribute significantly more to population stability than religion. Tamil Nadu Caste/Religion Wise population, Tamil Nadu Caste wise demographics, Demographics of TamilNadu, Tamil Nadu Religion wise population, Tamil Nadu Population, Tamil Nadu Population and Census, Religion in TamilNadu, Tamil Nadu Basic Information, vanniyar population in tamilnadu, Tamil Nadu Hindu Muslim Christian Population Percentage, tamilnadu caste list The total area of Tamil Nadu is 130060 sq.km with population density of 555 per sq.km. The Hindu Explains | How serious is the bird flu outbreak in India, and how can it be contained? The logistic model assumes that all populations will stabilise in the long run and predicts future populations based on this assumption. Though conduct of such. Question Corner: Why haven’t crocodiles evolved much since the age of the dinosaurs? Professor at the International Institute of Population Sciences, Dr. P. Arokiasamy, said the data was reflective of the lead the southern States have taken in terms of socio-economic parameters. U.S. Capitol breach | Donald Trump backer seen in horned fur hat charged. They will constitute a majority only in four districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram. From a time (1951), when seven of the 9 districts were more than 60% Hindu, the Hindu population will have fallen into a state where eight of the nine districts will have a Hindu population less than 60% (in 2061). Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. This tells you why social welfare measures have a larger bearing,” he pointed out. Most of them who answered doesn't even qualify to answer this question. Christians and Muslims have both been modelled separately. 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The Hindu Munnani first gained public awareness in 1982 when it began to mobilise the Hindu population of Ramanathapuram district in response to the Meenakshipuram conversions by Ishaatul Islam Sabha of South India Since then, the Hindu Munnani has often espoused the cause of Hindus.. In 2011, there were 44 lakh Christians in Tamil Nadu … It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. The various models vary on the extent to which the change will occur, but all concur that Hindus are set to become the minority. Malabar will, in fact, become a Hindu minority starting 2021 itself. Out of total population, 51.6% of population lives in Urban area and 48.4% lives in Rural area. Table 1: Percentage of Hindus in the various districts. Ernakulam and Kozhikode will have no one in the majority, but Kozhikode will also have a Muslim plurality. Hinduism constitutes 87.58% of Tamil Nadu population. We predict, which districts (and regions) will become a Hindu minority by 2061. As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. When we say development, we mean overall development of social-economic and human development parameters. Hinduism is the dominant religion with 81.3% of the total population in Chennai. Ravi Shastri to tell story of his life in cricket. The Hindu has always stood for journalism that is in the public interest. The events witnessed in Tamil Nadu during the last three days in connection with Vinayaka Chathurthi prove beyond doubt that Hindus could survive and the State only by the charity shown by the minority groups which are slowly and stealthily overtaking the Hindu population. There was an additional 921 Coronavirus cases in the last 24 hours to take the total number of infections in the State to 8,18,935. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. Since, the Hindus do not proselytize in any significant measure, the Hindu population is set to decline continually and relentlessly over the coming decades. It is the most optimistic case for the Hindu and the Christian populations and the most pessimistic case for the Muslim population. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. It is asked caste population. The total muslim population 4.2 million is the third largest after Christians with 4.4 million people. There were an additional 945 coronavirus cases reported in the last 24 hours in Tamil Nadu. The discrepancy arises because the logistic model assumes that the population of each group stabilises to a certain value (see figure below) and cannot account for negative population growth that has already begun in some areas of Kerala and will accentuate in the coming years. In the maps below, `none’ represents that no group will have a majority (>50%) of the population–. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2014 With a population of 75,478,738 (7.5 crore) people, Tamil Nadu is ranked as 7th populous state of India. Please don't answer if don't have knowledge about the question…. Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 3458045 as per the Census 2011. As per census 2011, Tamil Nadu, has a population of 7,21,47,030 individuals with a decent ratio of males and females. Tamil Nadu borders Andhra Pradesh to its south, Karnataka to its southeast, and Kerala to its east.. Tamil Nadu has a total population of 81.5 million, making it the seventh most populous state in India. Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly. “The fertility rate of Muslim women in Tamil Nadu is lower than Hindu women in northern States like Uttar Pradesh. From then, both will start decreasing, while only the Muslim population will be increasing. Tamil Nadu Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Tamil Nadu has population of 7.21 Crores, an increase from figure of 6.24 Crore in 2001 census. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. As may be seen, the Hindu population will be between 45% and 53%, the Muslim population will be between 30% and 41% and the Christian population will be between 12% and 17%. It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. Is Dalit a caste. *Malappuram and Palakkad show their population nearly constant in the 2051-2061 decade. Significantly, unlike Hindus, there were more women than men among Christians and Muslims in 2011. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. Table 4: The predicted populations of Hindus, Muslims and Christians in the Polynomial models in the coming decades. IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article. Kanyakumari, one of the holiest places of Hinduism, is already a Hindu minority and is set to be the Christian majority soon. Dr. Arokiasamy said the two States were among the earliest to achieve the fertility replacement rate (average number of children born per woman) of 2.1. The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. In 2011 census, the 0-4 population was 46.75% Hindu, while the Muslim population was 37.32% and the Christian population was 15.93%. Tamil Nadu's Villupuram witnessed a Swiss groom and a French-German bride getting married following Hindu traditions at a Shiva Temple. The data will change every year. The four districts of Malabar are Kannur, which comprises of Kannur and Kasaragod; Kozhikode, which comprises of Wayanad and Kozhikode; Malappuram; and Palakkad. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. Both the overall Hindu and the Christian population are set to fall in the coming years, due to extremely low fertility (Christian population in Kanyakumari is growing due to conversions, rather than any higher fertility). According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … The lower fertility rate of the Hindus and Christians will see their percentage shares and absolute numbers decline. The upper castes and the economically strong, and socially forward Nairs, and Velallars, and the OBC Ezhavas and Vishwakarmas (other prominent castes of the region), who together number about 6-7 lakhs, are mostly invulnerable to conversions. (previous page) 1792 painting of a Hindu temple and choultry (a travellers' rest house), Binjaveram Tinnevelly district, Tamil Nadu India.jpg 976 × 684; 125 KB. “This is not a new trend. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Coimbatore District as per Census 2011 *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. List of all Talukas in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. Malappuram was remarkable for being the only district with a Muslim population majority, mainly due to Muslim predominance in the Ernad area. The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu state is 71.85% out of which 77.59% males are literate and 66.09% females are literate. This will contribute to a rising share of Muslim population and the fall in share of both Hindu and Christian populations in Kerala. We also show that the overall population of many districts is set to change rapidly. Note that one may observe a discrepancy in the percentages predicted by the logistic models and the other two (constant growth and polynomial) models. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. The model assumes that the Hindu and Christian populations will become stable and not decline unlike what the fertility rates show. In the case of Christians, while the growth was slightly higher than the all-India figure, their proportion in the overall State population remained more or less the same as in 2001. Muslims will be the majority in Malappuram. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. This trend is set to accelerate. Tamil Nadu Population Growth. It is only in Alappuzha that Hindus will have a clear majority of greater than 60%. A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … The five districts of Travancore-Cochin consist of Thrissur; Ernakulam, which comprises of Ernakulam, Kottayam and Idukki; Alappuzha, which consists of Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta and Kollam; Thiruvananthapuram; and Kanyakumari. Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, Demography (Persecution & Proselytisation), IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. In the table below are given the dates from which the Hindus are expected to start decreasing in absolute numbers (not merely population share) in the various districts. The authors are deeply grateful to Indian2019, for his detailed caste-wise breakup of the Kanyakumari district. Activities. From the above table, it should be clear that the Christian population will peak in 2021 and the Hindu population in 2031. But the relative difference is contributing to the fall of the Hindu population share in the coming years as reported in the previous take home message. The actual curves that we present for each model below will show that across all the districts, the population share (1) of the Hindus will monotonically decrease in the next fifty years, and (2) of the Muslims will monotonically increase till 2061. Consequently, we have included them in the Hindu category. Tamil Nadu has a considerable Christian population. 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