'', "Here you ask a wonderful theological/exegetical question to which I can only give an opinion, and not a definitive answer. This declaration of the free, unmerited, conferred nature of the salvation is made the stronger not only by the contrast with the , but by the dropping of any connecting particle. Grace, faith, and works are three terms which we must understand to comprehend the scheme of redemption. A reads 'through your (literally, 'the:' 'Aleph (') B Delta G omit) faith,' which accepts "grace." There are … The words from καὶ τοῦτο to the end of the verse may be read parenthetically—“By grace are ye saved, through faith (and t hat not of yourselves: it is the gift of God), not of works;” that is, “By grace ye are saved, through faith,” “not of works.” Even with this understanding of the paragraph, the difficulty still remains, and the idea of such a parenthesis cannot be well entertained, for the ἐξ ὑμῶν corresponds to the ἐξ ἔργων. “God would have to be kind to offer pardon to one who openly violates His expressed word” (Caldwell p. 80). Since all three come from God and not from man, the latter might seem the more likely. Ephesians 2:1. faith. Men are saved by grace- τῇ χάριτι; and that salvation which has its origin in grace is not won from God, nor is it wrung from Him; “His is the gift.” Look at salvation in its origin-it is “by grace.” Look at it in its reception-it is “through faith.” Look at it in its manner of conferment-it is a “gift.” For faith, though an indispensable instrument, does not merit salvation as a reward; and grace operating only through faith, does not suit itself to congruous worth, nor single it out as its sole recipient. Salvation must display grace, for it is wholly of grace. That is the sovereignty of God. Editor). The *temple of thegoddess (female god) Diana (or Artemis) was there. These powerful verses summarize the main point of the gospel. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. dia. It was a busy port and the centre of much trade. 1. Salvation by grace must have conditions, seeing that the grace of God has appeared to all men (Titus 2:11), and yet all men are not automatically and unconditionally saved (Matthew 7:13-14). It is at once the due act of a yielding rebel to a rightful sovereign, and of a returning prodigal to a rightful and ever gracious parent. and that to the exclusion of your own causation and operative agency, not from you, it is God’s gift; not from works, in order that no one may boast, For by grace ye have been saved, by means of faith; and that, not of you—God’s is the gift; not of works, that no one should boast. Verse 8 (Ephesians 2:8.) You may say—“And this faith is not of yourselves: it is God's gift;” but you cannot say—“And this faith is not of yourselves, but it is God's gift; not of works, lest any man should boast.” You would thus be obliged, without any cause, to change the reference in Ephesians 2:9, for you may declare that salvation is not of works, but cannot with propriety say that faith is not of works. The complex idea of the verse is compressed into this brief ejaculation. p. 273; Stallbaum, Plato-Crit. οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων —“Not of works”-the explanation of οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν.The apostle uses διά with the article before πιστεως in the previous verse, but here ἐξ without the article before ἔργων-the former referring to the subjective instrument, … Adam Clarke, Wesley & company say that it is neuter plural and "Faith" is feminine hence it cannot refer to faith, (Such an admission would destroy their theological system.) Ephesians 2:8-9 New American Standard Bible (NASB). The dative χάριτι, on which from its position the emphasis lies, expresses the source of our salvation, and the genitive πίστεως with διά denotes its subjective means or instrument. It exists in the mind only when the Holy Spirit produces it there, and is, in common with every other Christian excellence, to be traced to his agency on the heart. Introduction Ephesians 2:8-13 are very important scriptures that need to be studied by Christians everywhere. For by grace you have been saved through faith. For by grace are you saved. NIV: New International Version Grace is the explanation of their own salvation, and how surpassingly rich the grace must be that could effect that!— διὰ τῆς πίστεως: through faith. are substantially identical in meaning. Hebrew 2:8 Putting everything in subjection under his feet. This may truly be called exceeding riches of grace, for ye are saved by grace. In the previous verse we learned that God"s kindness (which logically includes His grace), is only available in "Christ Jesus". Then in Ephesians 2:8-10, Paul summarized God's scheme of redemption. Many critics, however, as Doddridge, Beza, Piscator, and Chrysostom, maintain that the word "that" (τοῦτο touto) refers to "faith" (πίστις pistis); and Doddridge maintains that such a use is common in the New Testament. Salvation is the gift of God through faith! John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians (Ephesians 2:9.) When, on the part of man, the act of receiving salvation is made to consist in faith alone, all other means, on which men are accustomed to rely, are discarded. Ephesians 1:15-23. Ephesians 1 Ephesians 3 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. Extraordinary Purpose is The Bible Teaching Commentary based on Ephesians 2:8-9. Whether this passage proves it or not, it is certainly true that faith is the gift of God. Only God’s grace could make that available to you. This is the interpretation of the passage which is the most obvious, and which is now generally conceded to be the true one; see Bloomfield. Ye are saved by grace; ye are saved by faith and not by works; and even faith is not of yourselves, it is the gift of God. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … And to all who have any proper sense of the holiness of God and of the evil of sin, it is an intuition; and therefore a gratuitous salvation, a salvation which excludes with works all ground of boasting, is the only salvation suited to the relation of guilty men to God. And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, a. 2:8 For by grace you are saved through faith, and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God; 2:9 it is not from works, so that no one can boast. The former part is enforced by the words “not of works,” the latter by the declaration, “we (and all that is in us) are His workmanship.” The word here rendered “gift” is peculiar to this passage; the word employed in Romans 5:15-16; Romans 6:23, for “free gift” (charisma) having been appropriated (both in the singular and plural) to special “gifts” of grace. χάρις—“favour,” is opposed to necessity on the part of God, and to merit on the part of man. Baumgarten-Crusius argues that the allusion is to πίστις, because the word δῶρον proves that the reference must be to something internal-auf Innerliches. "That which I have said, 'through faith,' I do not wish to be understood so as if I excepted faith itself from grace" [Estius]. It is not God that "believes" for him, for that is impossible. Ephesians 1:3-14. "Of yourselves" stands in opposition to, "it is the gift of God" (Php 1:29). For by grace are ye saved This is to be understood, not of temporal salvation, nor of preservation in Christ, nor of providential salvation in order to calling, and much less of being put in a way of salvation, or only in a salvable state; but of spiritual salvation, and that actual; for salvation was not only resolved upon, … John Calvin did not believe Ephesians 2:8-9 teaches faith to be a gift from God. It best suits the design of the passage. Ephesians 1:15-23. Verse 10 also teaches that God has prepared beforehand these ‘good works’. The manifestation of the grace of God is the great end of redemption. The instrument or mean of salvation on the part of the person saved; Christ alone is the meritorious agent. The phrase in the text is, as always in this Epistle, theologically exact. Ephesians 2:8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God ( NASB: Lockman) Greek: te gar ch ariti este ( 2PPAI) sesosmenoi ( RPPMPN) dia pisteos; kai touto ouk ex humon theou to doron; Amplified: For it is by free grace (God’s unmerited … It is remarkable that the expression of the truth corresponds almost verbally with the words of St. Peter at the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:11), “We believe that through the grace of God we shall be (properly, we were) saved,” except that here the original shows that the salvation is looked upon as a completed act, like justification. Yet it must be one of these three at least, and maybe more than one, or all three in conjunction. 3. It is the gift of God - Salvation by grace is his gift. According to this interpretation the antithesis between faith and works, so common in Paul's writings, is preserved. But salvation is of grace and therefore not of works lest any man should boast. As a matter of grammar this opinion is certainly doubtful, if not untenable; but as a matter of theology it is a question of very little importance. Hence to lay especial stress on salvation accords better with the whole idea of this Epistle—the continuous indwelling in Christ—than to bring out, as in the Epistle to the Romans, the one complete act of justification for His sake. Paul never says , as if the faith were the ground or procuring cause of the salvation. 4. Gracious, indeed! Extraordinary Purpose" is The Bible Teaching Commentary based on Ephesians 2:8-10. I would not contend, therefore, about the grammatical construction of this passage, with respect to the point of the theology contained in it; still it accords better with the obvious grammatical construction, and with the design of the passage to understand the word "that" as referring not to "faith" only, but to "salvation by grace." Ephesians 2:8, 9, 10 explains why the apostle have only now started using a favorite word here in this passage rather than earlier on. Ephesians 2:8-9 “For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.” Paul has an interesting way of explaining things that can be very confusing at times. Calvinism needs to be seriously opposed, because it makes God look dishonest and hypocritical. for it was while, to God and alive to and with the devil, that God, . N.T. The Holy Spirit, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. As it is, we do not yet see everything in subjection to Him. and that—namely, the act of believing, or "faith." Ephesians 2:8–9 says, "For by grace you have been saved through faith. The problem is that there is NO precise referent. No one can repent for another; and God neither can nor ought to repent; for us. The three clauses, as Meyer has remarked, form a species of asyndeton-that is, the connecting particles are omitted, and the style acquires greater liveliness and force. Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Philippians 1:28. Here we have the Christian view of man’s deepest need, and God’s greatest gift. While man had no right to expect, God was under no necessity to provide salvation. While, then, καὶ τοῦτο seems to refer to the idea contained in the participle only, it would seem that in θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον there is allusion to the entire clause-God's is the whole gift. Thus, in Romans 5:9-10 (“having been justified,” “having been reconciled,” “we shall be saved”), salvation is spoken of as following on the completed act of justification (as the release of a prisoner on his pronounced pardon); and it is described, here and elsewhere, as a continuous process—a state continuing till the final judgment. It is our "own mind" that repents; our own heart that feels; our own eyes that weep - and without this there can he no true repentance. What is the context of Ephesians 2:8-9? Since it is a neuter pronoun it evidently does not refer to "grace" or "faith," both of which are feminine in gender in the Greek text. Therefore, what do those mean who would join together things of such contrary natures? ‘Salvation by grace is not arbitrarily attached to faith by the mere sovereign dictate of the Most High, for man’s willing acceptance of salvation is essential to his possession of it’ (Eadie). But if we viewed things aright, we should be far more affected by the thought of a dead soul, a lost, fallen spirit. 1. Thus, in Romans 5:9-10 (“having been justified,” “having been reconciled,” “we shall be saved”), salvation is spoken of as following on the completed act of justification (as the release of a prisoner on his pronounced pardon); and it is described, here and elsewhere, as a continuous process—a state continuing till the final judgment. So Calvin understands it, and so it is understood by Storr, Locke, Clarke, Koppe, Grotius, and others. Verses 2:8-9 open our eyes up to the whole reason God devised our salvation in Jesus. Or, in other words, seeing that baptism stands between one and salvation (Mark 16:16; 1 Peter 3:21), the above phrase demands that we conclude that baptism also stands between one and God’s mercy. And thus “ye have been saved;” not-ye will be finally saved; not-ye are brought into a state in which salvation is possible, or put into a condition in which you might “work and win” for yourselves, but-ye are actually saved. 2:10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them. Reconsidered," Grace Evangelical Society News4:7 (July1989):1, 4. It is used once in this Epistle (Ephesians 5:23) and once in the Epistle to the Philippians (Ephesians 3:20), but no less than ten times in the Pastoral Epistles of St. Paul, and five times in the Second Epistle of St. Peter. Salvation is the gift of God. 3. For by grace, etc. The gender of ‘this’ in Greek differs from that of the word ‘faith.’ The last clause is a positive statement added to the negative one: the gift of salvation comes from God, by whose grace we have been and are saved. This is the second out of four studies on Ephesians 2:8-10 'Extraordinary Purpose' from The Bible Teaching Commentary. 2:16). A never-dying spirit is now fled, and has left nothing but the ruins of a man. 3. Ephesians 2 – God’s Way of Reconciliation A. This is plain, for salvation is entirely of grace. These verses confirm the preceding declaration. Bibliotheca Sacra164:655 (July-September2007):259-76. Therefore, those Calvinists who do believe Ephesians 2:8-9 teach faith is a gift from God perpetuate an extreme form of Calvinism, one that Calvin would not affirm. God has blessed us with spiritual blessings, and has made us his adopted children. More exactly “by the grace,” i.e., by this grace, the grace already mentioned. ; it is the gift of God. It is his right to drop us into nothingness any moment he pleases, and no wrong is done us. In Ephesians 2:8 and 9 Paul contends that salvation is not of man’s doing, but of God’s. Compare Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Philippians 1:28; Hebrews 11:12. It is the , not the explanatory that has the first place in Paul’s thoughts here.— : and that not of yourselves. So of faith. We are delivered from the love of sin. The book of Ephesians was written by the Apostle Paul to the church in Ephesus around 60-64 A.D. Paul spent a great amount of time there and this letter served … It is also to be noted that the use of the name “Saviour,” applied both to God and to Christ, belongs entirely to the later Epistles. That is, not as proceeding from yourselves or of your own performance. In Ephesians 2:5 this thought is introduced parenthetically, naturally and irresistibly suggested by the declaration of the various steps of regeneration in Christ. Ephesians 2:8-9 KJV For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. They may relate to faith ( τὸ πιστεύειν) or to the salvation spoken of ( σεσωσμένους εἴναι). Is it salvation, or faith? God was under no obligation to save man, for His law might have taken its natural course, and the penalty menaced and deserved might have been fully inflicted. "God justifies the believing man, not for the worthiness of his belief, but for the worthiness of Him in whom he believes" [Hooker]. Hence faith has three aspects. The grace of God which exists without us, takes its place as an active principle within us, being introduced into the heart and kept there by the connecting or conducting instrumentality of faith. And that not of yourselves - That is, salvation does not proceed from yourselves. Calvinism presents a picture of a God who desires all men to be saved (2 Peter 3:9), and yet at the same time refuses to give all men the faith they need to gain salvation. I surely cannot save myself. The same view is taken by Erasmus, Beza, Crocius, Cocceius, Grotius, Estius, Bengel, Meier, Baumgarten-Crusius, Bisping, and Hodge. PREVIOUS NEXT. Some have erroneously concluded that "faith" is the gift of God in this verse, and that man is so sinful that God must give him the faith in the first place, but that would contradict other passages. III. Remembering how the Epistles were written from dictation, we may be inclined to see in this passage among others, an insertion made by the Apostle, on a revision of that already written. This means that grace is offered and received as a gift. Salvation comes to me through the grace of God, there is nothing that I have done to deserve it, and certainly nothing I … The need for reconciliation. p. 144. !” [Note: in the Greek, FAITH is feminine but IT is neuter. For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand … For the Greek preposition for, , here, is the preposition of instrumentality. Ephesians 2:8 Context. These scriptures are for everyone, for people that have been Christians quite awhile, for brand new Christians, and for non-believers. Its medium is faith - διὰ τῆς πίστεως. Grace has the article, the grace of God, in Ephesians 2:5, Ephesians 2:7. Ephesians 1:11-23. Eph. Hughes, R. Kent, Ephesians: The Mystery of the Body of Christ, 1990, Crossway Books. On one side, we must look at God; and, on the other, at man. But is not salvation as internal as faith? You can find the best commentary on Ephesians for … ii. Ephesians 2:8–9 is an extremely popular passage of Scripture. . We are delivered from death. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. 2:8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; Eph. That faith is indeed empowered in us by the grace underlying our probation: but that faith freely exercised by us, and seen by God, is the underlying condition of our election in time; and foreseen by God is the underlying condition in our eternal election before the foundation of the world, as described in, And be it especially noted that in St. Paul’s view there is no contradiction between the, There is no contradiction between our being, towards God, though a right thing in God’s creatures towards him, and an excellent thing in itself, is not a merit that pays God for any thing, or obligates him to any donation to us. Commentary on Ephesians 2:1-10 (Read Ephesians 2:1-10) Sin is the death of the soul. Through faith—As the instrument in God’s hands; the handle by which he gets hold of us to snatch us from Satan and spring us into heaven. Jesus equally attached conditions to salvation (Mark 16:16; Luke 24:47), and so did the apostles (Acts 2:38; 1 Peter 3:21). Or, perhaps, “God’s gift it is”. Thus, Ephesians 2:8-10 teaches that we are not given saving faith by good works, but with the purpose that we do good works. !” [Note: in the Greek, FAITH is feminine but IT is neuter. ----- (I asked the following question from a Greek and Hebrew professor: "In this verse, to what does the word "that" refer to? ], "If we breathe, it is because life has been breathed into us; if we exercise the hearing of faith it is because our ears have been unstopped. And be it especially noted that in St. Paul’s view there is no contradiction between the gratuity of our salvation and its conditionality. The giver gets credit for the gift, not the receiver. θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον—“God's is the gift.” God's gift is the gift-the genitive θεοῦ being the emphatic predicate in opposition to ὑμῶν. It is remarkable that the expression of the truth corresponds almost verbally with the words of St. Peter at the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:11), “We believe that through the grace of God we shall be (properly, we were) saved,” except that here the original shows that the salvation is looked upon as a completed act, like justification. The only point in the interpretation of these verses of any doubt, relates to the second clause. At the same time, as Ellicott shrewdly remarks, “the clause καὶ τοῦτο, etc., was suggested by the mention of the subjective medium- πίστις, which might be thought to imply some independent action on the part of the subject.” This condition of safety is not of yourselves-is not of your own origination or procurement, though it be of your reception. The word "gift" in Ephesians 2:8 is in the nominative case which means the "offering" of grace. The only objection against the general view of the passage which we have taken is, that it is somewhat tautological. It is “by grace.”. And this not of yourselves; the gift is God’s. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Ephesians 2:8 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 2:1-10. Of yourselves - in contrast to "it is the gift of God" (Philippians 1:29). It is his own mind that actually believes, or that exercises faith; see the notes at Romans 4:3. Commentaries on Ephesians. Beza, following the fathers, prefers the former reference; Calvin, with most of the modern commentators, the latter. But faith is more than just believing (James 2:19).]. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. There is no contradiction between our being saved by grace and its being through faith; just because faith towards God, though a right thing in God’s creatures towards him, and an excellent thing in itself, is not a merit that pays God for any thing, or obligates him to any donation to us. Spirit does not militate at all with the blessings of Christ and human! 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